Principales Questions: In a particular situation, a trust has one beneficiary and two trustees who are not related to the beneficiary. The trust is the sole shareholder of a corporation. Under the terms of the trust indenture, the beneficiary is not entitled to receive the shares of the corporation in satisfaction of his income nor his capital interest in the trust. Whether the trustees or the beneficiary have de jure control of the corporation, considering the powers provided to the beneficiary in the trust indenture with respect to three different scenarios: 1) the beneficiary has the power to revoke the trustees; 2) the beneficiary has the power to revoke the trustees and to appoint new trustees; and 3) the beneficiary has the power to revoke the trustees and to appoint new trustees, and the trust indenture provides that a XXXXXXXXXX-day notice must be given to the beneficiary before the implementation of important decisions by the trustees (sale or transfer of the shares of the corporation, redemption, replacement or conversion by the corporation of its shares, winding-up or amalgamation of the corporation). However the exercise of the voting rights of the shares of the corporation by the trustees is not subject to the XXXXXXXXXX-day notice.
Position Adoptée: Scenarios 1) and 2): generally, the trustees would have de jure control of the corporation; scenario 3): general comments provided.
Raisons: See below.