Employment Insurance Act

Section 5

Subsection 5(2)

Paragraph 5(2)(b)

Administrative Policy

11 October 2013 Roundtable, 2013-0495911C6 F - Insurable employment

employment by employees of partnership of corporations is treated as joint employment by those corporations

Two corporations, each having a sole shareholder, are partners of a partnership ("S.E.N.C.") which, in turn, pays salaries directly to each such shareholder. How does s. 5(2)(b) apply? CRA responded:

[E]mployment with the S.E.N.C. is employment with its partners. Thus, no EI premium would be required in respect of the employment of the taxpayer controlling more than 40% of the voting shares of the corporation, which is a partner of the partnership.

Locations of other summaries Wordcount
Tax Topics - Income Tax Act - Section 7 - Subsection 7(3) - Paragraph 7(3)(a) partners treated as employers of partnership employees 111

Section 38

Subsection 38(1)

Paragraph 38(1)(a)


Canada (Attorney General) v. Bellil, 2017 CAF 104

intent to defraud irrelevant to knowingly making a false statement

After losing his job, the respondent (Mr. Bellil) started claiming employment insurance benefits effective April 14, 2013. Although he was outside Canada from June 24 to August 10, 2013 and from September 3 to October 4, 2013, for a total of 11 weeks, for each such week for which he electronically completed his employment insurance declaration cards, he answered "no" to the question "Did you work outside Canada between Monday and Friday during the period covered by this statement? He was assessed a penalty of $1,082.00 under ss. 7.1(5) and 38 of the Employment Insurance Act. On his appeal of this decision, the Social Security Tribunal, General Division (SST-GD) noted that Mr. Bellil had indeed produced false statements but accepted his explanation that he had not intended to defraud, and canceled the monetary penalty and notice of violation. This decision was affirmed by the Appeal Division (SST-AD).

De Montigny JA stated (at paras 10 and 11, TaxInterpretations translation):

Clause 38(1)(a) of the [Employment Insurance] Act provides that the Commission may impose on a claimant a penalty where a claimant made a representation that the claimant “knew’’ was false or misleading. …

With respect to the interpretation to be given to the word "knew", this Court clarified that a subjective test must be used to determine whether the requisite knowledge exists. The issue, therefore, is not whether the claimant should have known that his or her statement was false or misleading; a false but innocent statement will not give rise to penalties. That said, it is not enough to proclaim ignorance to escape sanctions; common sense and objective factors may be taken into account in deciding whether a claimant has a subjective knowledge of the falsity of his or her statements. …

Before remitting the file to the SST-AD for a fresh decision, De Montigny JA stated (at para 14):

By implicitly endorsing the decision of the SST-GD that the intent to defraud would be required for a person to "knowingly" make a false or misleading statement, the SST-AD erred. As noted above, the only requirement imposed by the legislature is that a claimant made a representation that the claimant “knew’’ was false or misleading, that is to say, with full knowledge of the facts. The absence of fraud or having integrity is irrelevant.

Locations of other summaries Wordcount
Tax Topics - Income Tax Act - Section 163 - Subsection 163(2) claimant makes a representation that it "knows" to be false when it has full knowledge of the facts 139

Section 82

Subsection 82(1)

See Also

Andrew Peller Limited v. M.N.R., 2016 DTC 1009 [at 2553], 2015 TCC 329

restaurant tips are remuneration from an employer

The taxpayer ran several restaurant businesses in which it redistributed its employees' tips under a tip-sharing arrangement. Campbell J found that these were amounts paid by the employer for the purposes of the Income Tax Act and for CPP and EI calculations. Canadian Pacific was dispositive. In concluding that the taxpayer had “paid” the gratuities to its front line staff, Campbell J stated (at para 49):

[T]he Appellant, during the relevant period, not only ended up with possession of all gratuity and tip amounts… but exerted considerable control over those amounts, engaging in the redistribution of those amounts within the broad definition of “paid” as contemplated in the [Insurable Earnings and Collection of Premiums Regulations].

Other locations for this summary
Tax Topics - Income Tax Act - Section 5 - Subsection 5(1) restaurant tips are remuneration from an employer
Tax Topics - Other Legislation/Constitution - Federal - Canada Pension Plan - Section 8 - Subsection 8(1) restaurant tips are remuneration from an employer
Locations of other summaries Wordcount
Tax Topics - Statutory Interpretation - Specific v. General Provisions use of "gratuities" in a specific provision did not imply that another kind of gratuity could not be caught under a general provision 220

Section 145

See Also

Henson v. The Queen, 2014 DTC 1092 [at 3161], 2014 TCC 43 (Informal Procedure)

no harsh result exception

The taxpayer received a lump-sum worker's compensation payment that brought his income for the year above the repayment threshold in s. 145. Woods J found that the taxpayer was therefore obligated under s. 145 to repay a portion of his employment insurance payments, regardless of the result being harsher because he had received a lump sum.